Agnieszka Bien, Conceptualization , Methods , Validation , Analysis , Resources , Composing – modern draft , Creating – opinion & modifying , Enterprise management , step 1 Magdalena Korzynska-Pietas, Analysis , Resources , Creating – completely new draft , step one Marta Zarajczyk, Info , Creating – brand-new draft , step one Mariusz Wysokinski, Investigation , Creating – opinion & modifying , dos Iwona Niewiadomska, Official investigation , Research , Composing – comment & editing , 3 Krzysztof Jurek, Recognition , Certified investigation , Studies , cuatro and you can Ewa Rzonca, Studies , Composing – modern draft , Creating – comment & editing 5, *
Background: Methods: The research tools were the menopause-specific quality of life (MENQOL) questionnaire and a standardized interview questionnaire comprising questions on the participants’ characteristics. The study involved 516 women using health care services who had symptoms caused by the menopause. Results: The value of the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.923. The discriminative power coefficients of all the questionnaire items were higher than 0.3. The study confirmed the validity and internal consistency of the Polish version of the MENQOL questionnaire for measuring the quality of life of postmenopausal women, suggesting that the tool can be used for screening menopausal symptoms in women. There was a relationship between general quality of life and age (p = 0.002), marital status (p < 0.001),>
step one. Addition
The perimenopausal period within the good female’s life is an occasion that involves alterations in the feminine human body away from premenopause, menopause and postmenopause. The newest premenopausal several months is characterized by a decrease in the brand new secretion out-of steroid hormones, the latest disappearance out-of virility as well as the appearance of various episodes, as well as abnormal hemorrhaging . These changes resulted in menopause, hence, according to the World Wellness Organization (WHO), scratching the fresh new psychological, permanent cessation of periods considering the cessation regarding the fresh ovarian means . It’s estimated that menopause takes place an average of between your years 45 and you will 55 . The fresh new peri-menopausal period try regarding the alterations in the hormone estrogen and you can progesterone concentrations. The newest ensuing hormonal changes affect ladies mental and you can somatic doing work and you will is, ergo, and make it difficult to complete personal, elite and relatives positions. Sizzling hot flushes, sweating, bed disturbance, irritation, an elevated craving in order to pee, sexual description while some will be most frequent complaints you to definitely exists during this time period and you will hamper each day performing. Although it could have been observed you to ladies very own thinking and also the perceptions away from peri-menopause episodes differ widely, such as for instance transform have been proven to features an adverse effect on ladies standard of living [step three,4,5]. The newest peri-menopausal months is additionally commonly noted by beginning otherwise exacerbation from sickness, particularly diabetic issues, heart problems, weakening of bones and you will atherosclerosis, and therefore surely connect with ladies standard of living [six,7].
Total well being (QoL) was an interdisciplinary style found in some sciences and you can disciplines, together with medication, mindset, breastfeeding, sociology, government otherwise economics. Quality of life inside treatments provides to point the new person’s means and also to make therapeutic conclusion, looking at new grievances experienced and their influence on new patient’s life. Because of the multifaceted character of one’s meetme Pregled web mjesta za upoznavanje thought of quality of lives, particular attention should be paid toward direct group of this new lookup gadgets having determining total well being in personal knowledge . Because center of the 20th century, the idea of the caliber of existence might have been of interest to many experts and you can doctors writing on certain health insurance and psychological issues. The new peri-menopause months might have been not an exception to that particular considering the increase in endurance, the importance for ladies’ health and this new perception that the months of life is as essential as the fresh reproductive months. Approximately a lot of women alive one to-third of its stays in the fresh new peri-menopause period, this is exactly why, among other things, it is essential to to spotlight women’s health throughout this period of the lifetime to be in a position to provide them with peak lifestyle [5,9].